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References on the use of Outbreak epidemiological modeling software


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  • Bradshaw, C.J.A., C.R. McMahon, P.S. Miller, R.C. Lacy, M.J. Watts, M.L. Verant, J.P. Pollak, D.A. Fordham, T.A.A. Prowse, and B.W. Brook. 2012. Novel coupling of individual-based epidemiological and demographic models predicts realistic dynamics of tuberculosis in alien buffalo. Journal of Applied Ecology 49:268-277.      

  • Shoemaker, K.T., R.C. Lacy, M.L. Verant, B.W. Brook, T.M. Liveri, P.S. Miller, D.A. Fordham, and H.R. Akcakaya. 2014. Effects of prey metapopulation structure on the viability of black-footed ferrets in plague-impacted landscapes: a metamodelling approach. Journal of Applied Ecology (online version       URL:

  • Wells, K., B.W. Brook, R.C. Lacy, G.J. Mutze, D.E. Peacock, R.G. Sinclair, N. Schwensow, P. Cassey, R.B. O’Hara, and D.A. Fordham. 2015. Timing and severity of immunizing diseases in rabbits is controlled by seasonal matching of host and pathogen dynamics. Journal of the Royal Society Interface 12:2014184      This paper uses MetaModel Manager to link Outbreak models of disease with a Vortex demographic model in order to examine the role of the relative timing of reproduction and disease introduction on the effectiveness of disease in controlling invasive populations of rabbits. URL: